TYPES OF HEALTHCARE PROVIDERS

PRIMARY CARE PROVIDER

A primary care provider (PCP) is a medical doctor who is trained to prevent, diagnose, and treat a broad area of illnesses and injuries. It’s the first person seen; PCPs can also help manage chronic health conditions. This individual can be your trusted resource and helps manage your overall health.

INTERNIST

Doctors that focus on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of internal injuries and disease in adults.

PEDIATRICIANS

These doctors focus on wellness, development, and treatment of the conditions that affect babies, children,
and teenagers up to the age of 21.

Generalist

The term "generalist" often refers to medical doctors (MDs) and doctors of osteopathic medicine (DOs) who specialize in prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of injuries and diseases for patients of all ages.

FAMILY DOCTORS

These physicians treat patients of all ages and are trained in adult medicine, pediatrics, obstetrics, geriatric medicine, and musculoskeletal care.

Obstetrician / Gynecologists

Obstetrician/Gynecologists (OB/GYNs) are doctors who specialize in women's health, reproductive health, pregnancy, childbirth, wellness, and postpartum conditions. Many women use an OB/GYN as their primary care provider as they provide many types of general healthcare.

Geriatricians

Doctors who specialize in treating older adults and are adept at treating issues like insomnia, dementia, and balance problems.

Nurse Practitioner

Doctors who specialize in treating older adults and are adept at treating issues like insomnia, dementia, and balance problems.

Physician Assistant

A physician assistant (PA) can provide a wide range of services in collaboration with a Doctor of Medicine (MD) or a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO).

SPECIALTY CARE

Your primary care provider may refer you to professionals in various specialties when necessary, such as:

Allergy and Asthma

Allergies, Asthma, and other immune system disorders

Anesthesiology

General anesthesia or spinal block for surgeries and some forms of pain control

Cardiology

Heart disorders

Dermatology

Skin Disorders

Endocrinology

Hormonal and metabolic disorders, including diabetes

Gastroenterology

Digestive system disorders

General surgery

Common surgeries involving any part of the body

Hematology

Blood disorders

Immunology

Immune system disorders

Infectious disease

Infections affecting tissues of any part of the body

Nephrology

Kidney disorders

Neurology

Nervous system disorders

OB/GYN

Pregnancy and women's reproductive health

Oncology

Cancer

Ophthalmology

Eye disorders and surgery

Orthopedics

Bone and connective tissue disorders

Otorhinolaryngology

Ear, nose, and throat (ENT) disorders

Physical therapy

For disorders such as low back injury, spinal cord injuries, or stroke

Pulmonary (lung)

Diseases of the lungs

Radiology

A-rays and related procedures (such as ultrasound, CT, and MRI)

Psychiatry

Emotional or mental disorders

Rheumatology

Pain and other symptoms related to joints and musculoskeletal system

Urology

Disorders of the male reproductive system and urinary tract and the female urinary tract

Information provided by MedlinePlus, an online information service produced and maintained by the United States National Library of Medicine. To learn more visit medlineplus.gov
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